The picturesque village of Dufton lies hidden away in the lower
Eden Valley, cradled beneath the soaring hills of the North
Pennines just a few miles from the Lake District National Park.
These hills form a dramatic escarpment
of land that swings round from the Stainmore Gap northwards towards
Hadrian's Wall, rising to an impressive 2,930 ft on the summit of
Cross Fell, the highest point in the Pennines. This is walking country
'par excellence' with the famous Pennine Way dropping
down into the village of Dufton Fell via the breath-taking ravine
of High Cup Gill from High Cup Nick. At the head of this perfectly
formed U-shaped Valley is one of the highlights of the Pennine Way,
described by Wainwright as an 'unforgettable sight', a 'natural
The hills are responsible for the 'Helm Wind', a local phenomenon caused by cold easterly
air rising over Cross Fell then rushing down the steep escarpment
where it meets warm air, which rises and causes a turbulent air-stream.
At times, this wind literally roars across the surrounding hills
at speeds of up to 80 miles per hour. Indeed centuries ago the hills
were exorcised, as people believed the loud roaring of the wind to
be the sound of evil spirits.